Safe Bulkers: The Unrisen Tide


CEO Polys Hajioannou. Image:

Safe Bulkers is a Greece-based dry-bulk shipping company, that is well managed, but suffering under the weight of a sector whose collective efforts to manage the order book have been non-existent. There must be a concerted effort to view the big data available and venture, as a cohort, to be more cautious about ordering more vessels than demand requires and then continually refinancing to pay for it all through supply-glut troughs. That was along sentence but rhetorically speaks to the tedium that is the dry-bulk retail investor’s life.
That said, some companies do find ways to run more efficiently and Safe Bulkers is one of the better firms at accomplishing this, along with Navios Maritime.
Should you add Safe Bulkers to your watch list? I think so. You can read my full take here on Seeking Alpha and click on over to their latest conference call to see what the CEO, Polys Hajioannou has to say about the future of the company.

Forget Gentrification – Try A Market Solution

I love Megan McArdle, the BloombergView writer who feeds my Libertarian beast. Megan wrote a comprehensive piece about the awful problems surrounding the awful-sounding, Gentrification, detailing the legal and social warlords who who summon forces against what some perceive as the holiest of grails in the forming of an egalitarian society, a housing policy that all can be happy with. It will never work, of course, and why it won’t is thoughtfully detailed by Ms. McArdle. I’d like to offer an alternative perspective.

Rather than trying to move the housing to the better neighborhoods; why don’t we work harder to move the things that make a community better, into the denser neighborhoods. Given the cost and scale of zoning, courts, property, construction and then moving people in waves, the very idea registers in my Average Joe brain as kind of, well, stupid, not because we don’t want to improve the lives of working stiffs but because the the whole relocation concept is proved time and again by the Chinese to be both impractical and unproductive. And in our society, with the glacial manner in which governments move, you have to add in, inefficient.

You can’t change hearts with legislation, much as the government-as-Bob-the-Builder crowd would like to believe. About two years ago, CNBC’s Michelle Caruso-Cabrera appeared on MSNBC’s “Morning Joe’, discussing a variety of economic news de jeur, market conditions, yada yada. They discussed inadequate food options in fast-food restaurants, the type that tend to prosper in poor neighborhoods. Joe’s sighing side-kick, Mika Brzezinski , said she was “looking forward” to legislation that would force fast-food chains to include healthier items on their menus. Just what we need—the state telling private companies what they must serve the proletariat. Gag, ack, cringe, shiver, socialism.

As they went to commercial, Ms. Caruso-Cabrera pointed out that people have freedom of choice. As they faded to the spot we could hear Ms. Brzezinski remind Ms. Caruso-Cabrera that people live in ‘food deserts’ and don’t have the options that her caring government could impose. Enter Wendell Pierce.

A few days later, actor Wendell Pierce was interviewed by CNBC’s Andrew Ross-Sorkin about his new venture. Wendell Pierce appeared with his business partner, Troy Henry of Sterling Farms, to discuss their plans to bring fresh grocery stores to downtrodden neighborhoods in and around New Orleans. Well, lookey here, a market-based solution to the gentrification issue. Don’t move the neighbors; make their lives better.

wendell pierce

Wendell Pierce image: Click for CNBC interview

I’m sure Meg McArdle could explore the economic dynamics of this much better than I can but my Average Joe brain sees this as a simple, innovative, practical and efficient way to fix a problem. If you can’t move people from a food desert, build an oasis. The local builder makes money, the community has opportunities for employment, the adjacent businesses (delivery, trades, coffee shops) all prosper as the neighborhood betters itself. Each of Mr. Pierce’s stores would employ about fifty people, who will spend money in their community. It’s kind of how free markets work.

I also think, to add the corporate POV, that larger companies, those such as Whole Foods, Krogers, Lowes, etc, could build ‘right-sized’ versions of their enterprises that fit the scale of the neighborhood. This eliminates the notion of displacing people to build a massive shopping center. This would be a much better use of venture capital, and the brains behind it, than making the next overvalued app that will be replaced in a few years anyway and fund real community projects that foster a sense of ownership, vitality and dignity. I didn’t ‘invent’ as Rocky Balboa would say, this idea; I’m just reiterating it.

Problem is, this kind of small-scale, gradual improvement doesn’t make a big enough splash in the press to satiate activists. Better to pound fists on pop-up pulpits at press conferences, held to call out those highfalutin hipsters and greedy gentry (hey, it’s National Alliteration Day). To be fair, it also doesn’t sound like enough of an ROI for VC firms who have to keep multi-million dollar war chests in hand in case some litigious couple files suit—and surely there are bigger returns to be had with the next disruptive platform.

So it’s left to the smaller operators to risk their capital and Lord bless those who do. I wish I had the cash to participate.

Sweeping cultural and legislative changes are impractical and only serve the self-serving. It’s the little things; the grocer, the hatter, the ethnic restaurant, the hardware store and the butcher, who change neighborhoods. It’s the lady who sweeps her small parcel of cracked concrete, every day. It’s not scatter-housing, reverse gentrification, dis-aggregating dense neighborhoods or any other convoluted idea. Whadya say, Meg?

Fascinatin’ Algorithms


Image: Roblox

There’s a provocative post by finance professor, Noah Smith on BloombergView today regarding the rise of the robo-trading money managers (Wealthfront, Betterment et al). Mr. Smith doesn’t take sides but points out the industry is clearly moving away from active money management and toward passive, algorithmic keepers of our investment and retirement dollars.

The great John C. Bogle must feel vindicated by this trend, though decades ago when he founded Vanguard, an inexpensive index fund, he could not have imagined the digital strategies that are now marching over failing hedge funds and weepy money managers.

The jig is up. We know the excessive, opaquely structured fees of mutual funds have sucked off the gains of investors to averages below the stated returns of the funds. Over time, actual returns for investors are dramatically reduced by these fees. Is it any wonder why so much money is spent on advertising investment funds? The competition for your fees is fierce and every one of them beats some arcane benchmark, at least according to the copy writers. The problem is, as Saint Jack Bogle has been saying for years, “You can’t beat the average when you own the average.”

The rise of companies such as Wealthfront and Betterment is driven by two factors: a mobile-friendly millennial generation that thrives on connected models, and a growing disdain for those highly paid asset managers who often do not make good on their promises, but have facile excuses for keeping you invested with them.

I agree with Mr. Bogle as well as the concept of automated (low cost) investing. The S&P will provide you wonderful returns over the long run. Picking individual stocks is not for the lazy or risk-averse, or those whose who are too busy running their perfect progeny from lacrosse practice to Mandarin classes to bother. If you’re not willing to toss an extra scoop of coffee in the basket and pore over a 120-page 10K you shouldn’t gamble on individual stocks. However, I see a different issue down the road which we can file under, unintended consequences.

“Professor Smith asks, “What will replace active management? What form will the new passive world take?”

I ask, what will people say after this paradigm shift, when those managers remaining after the ‘great fall from grace’ are outperforming the herd by even larger margins? The best of the best, including the likes of Blackstone, Ray Dalio, David Tepper, Cliff Asness and Bill Ackman (Mr. Asness having the distinction of being the only one who is actually funny) will continue to do well and will undoubtedly attract more investments from those who eschew robotic returns.

This tiny legion will grow even more elite, drawing in more money, hiring the brightest stars of beta and creating a situation where the rich get richer, yet again, while the robot minions languish with average returns. As a Libertarian I’m all for it, of course—the whole free market thing. But I can envision an Elizabeth Warren trying to outlaw these beta outlaws, because, ‘it’s not fair’. Progressive crowing may create a cyclical shift back to active management, which would be wrong-headed.

The problem will be trying to prove a negative, to show those invested with passive systems that they should stay there, not despite average returns but because of them. It will be hard to convince those eyeing up the big players that, irrespective of the outsized gains of the Hedge/Quant/Big-Beta cohort, they are better off than they would have been had they left their money in mutual funds or worse, tried to pick and time the market with their own limited information. Average returns may sound, sort of, average, but they are actually very good. What we will need is not a shift away from robotic trading but a change in what we call the returns, so folks just feel better about them. Perhaps something from a gladiator movie, such as, Magnificum Returnas, or something start-up-ish like, Robucks (too Searsy?).

Overheard at a micro-single-malt-scotch-and-sushi bar on the Upper West Side:

“How many Robucks did you earn this quarter?”

“My nine-year-old daughter can speak Mandarin while playing the violin and writing code with her feet.”

“Go screw yourself.”


The Timken Company – Gestating the Spin-Off


Image: The Timken Company

Nine months ago in June of 2014, after a prodding campaign from activist investors, the 100-year old Timken company, reluctantly spun off its steel division, forming two separate, publicly traded companies, (TKR and TMST).

The Timken Company is in the anti-friction business, manufacturing bearings and power transmission components. The steel division makes hi-spec steel tubes and SBQ (special bar quality) steel products for the automotive, aerospace and energy industries. I’ve previously written about the new steel company, TimkenSteel.

I thought about this particular spin-off as a lesson/debate in financial engineering, which, like it or not, is a large facet of our equity markets. You can make your own determination as to its real value for investors after you read the full story here in Seeking Alpha.

Elaine Russell Reolfi / Woman of Steel


Image: Elaine R-R

I recently interviewed Elaine Russell Reolfi for Women in Business at She is a worthy addition to this growing gallery of strong women in the arts, sciences and business.

Elaine is VP of Corporate Communications for TimkenSteel, headquartered in Canton, Ohio, US. This is an industry and sector managed mostly by male engineers but to their credit, have accepted Elaine and count on her insight and drive to help grow the business.

Elaine is also deeply involved in the community and charitable organizations, all while being a dedicated professional, a mom to three and a wife to her professor husband. See her full story here.

Feel free to check out the expanding gallery of excellence thru the Image Gallery.

TimkenSteel – An American Company

Hot rounds

Image: TimkenSteel

I view investments with a similar buy & hold philosophy of Warren Buffet, but I’m not completely averse to trading out of positions if necessary, which is akin to the “buy and homework” philosophy of Jim Cramer. I suppose that makes me a Jimmy Buffet investor (rimshot).

I’ve been watching TimkenSteel (TMST), which was spun off from Timken Company (TKR) in June of 2014. You can read my complete analysis of the company’s business model and future here at Seeking Alpha.

TimkenSteel is an American manufacturer of specialty steel products for the energy, automotive and hi-spec industrial sectors.

In doing my research, I learned some interesting things about the steel industry.  A sidebar for you; comparing/contrasting steel and aluminum. Steel is a very recycle-friendly commodity, actually 100% recyclable. It maintains it’s steel essence regardless of the number of times it’s melted and reformed. Other metals are less so. In their production and life-cycle phases, such as in building autos, other ‘lightweight’ metals such as aluminum and magnesium emit more of the heavy, toxic greenhouse gasses GHGs (perfluorocarbons and sulfur hexafluoride) which have a much stronger global-warming impact than CO2. Betcha didn’t know that.

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World Steel Association, Environmental Case Studies


The Trilogy Expands

I’ve just released Book II of my Texas crime trilogy.

“Alice” is another noir look at the synesthetic Texas ranger, Lamar McNelly, but with a transition to a new joehefferton_alice_3d (1)character, Lieutenant Chucho Zarate, a stalwart family man who suffers for the actors in his investigations.

One of the goals of this series is to tell overlapping crime stories about recurring characters, but with distinctions in voice, as if a few guys in hats are occupying the smokey corner of a bar, each telling a different story about McNelly or some other tangent tale.

Men like to tell stories in bars. It keeps them busy so there’s more time to marinate ice cubes. These Texans share similar histories and other commonalities, but have unique styles of recounting the events of their lives. The facts, well; they’re just sort of a jumping-off point. It’s what stays with you after the story is told that matters.

Book one was written in a southern vernacular, book two is more urban, a little Elmore Leonard with a string tie and a Chicano accent.

The first story is self-contained. Book two keeps the door open to a sequel. I’ll get there, the yeast is in the brew.

I’d like to thank Maggie Pazian and Mike Palestina of The People-Intell Institute for helping me understand the nuances of emotional expression. They are the best there is.

I’d also like to thank my UK friend, Rachael Spellman, for her insight to the world of synaesthesia (British spelling for her). Rachael is a wonderfully talented writer. I enviously recommend her work. Spoiler alert: she’ll captivate you.

‘Texas Noir’ doesn’t really flow well off the tongue, but screams for help do. Own the series today or wait for the set. Whatever lets your blood.

Free Speech Matters

tempThe terrorist attacks on French targets has reignited the debate over free speech in the US, along with the overtly subjective term, hate speech, which the everyone-gets-a-trophy crowd seeks to ban without considering the implications.

The First Amendment is not there to coddle niceties, but rather to vehemently protect the most reprehensible of speech, because all freedom of expression matters, because when you begin to stifle one type of speech you put the government in the position of deciding what they are offended by. The point of the Constitution in general and the Bill of Rights specifically, is not to tell us what we have the right to do but to remind the government of what they cannot do.

How would we feel if fundamentalist Christians were the majority in the Congress and passed legislation that said public proselytizing by Jews, Muslims and Buddhists was forbidden because it offended the majority of Americans. Is that the country we want to live in? What if a liberal-oriented Congress said that statements about big government or wasteful entitlement programs or support for entrepreneurs was ‘hateful’ to poor people and therefore banned? orwell

The hate-speech feel-gooders need to get their heads out of their asses and remember that the best way to protect all our freedoms is to staunchly protect the rights of every American, including the journalists, to hold any opinion they choose, so long as they don’t further their cause through violence against persons or property.

Here is an excellent article on the subject from Reason magazine from this past September. I urge you to read it. Don’t like that one? Read this one with comments from one of the great thinkers of our age, the late Christopher Hitchens.

Navios Maritime – A Strong Woman Has the Con

Courtesy Navios Maritime

It’s with a sort of sheepish enthusiasm I admit I’m fascinated by the massive vessels that move goods and commodities around the world. I recently published an overview of international shipping company, Navios Maritime, on Seeking Alpha.

Navios is led by Chair and CEO, Angeliki Frangou, who runs four shipping companies valued at more than $4Billion. Ms Frangou is a fifth-generation shipper who says simply, “Shipping is in my DNA.”

The shipping industry can be turbulent and the factors that go into evaluating such a company are varied and in a constant state of flux, shifting under commodity prices, world economics, weather and market capacity. “Shipping is a notoriously cyclical business. You have to be able to adapt and change to the new situations.”


CEO Angeliki Frangou

But Ms Frangou has the kind of calm demeanor that commands respect and a vision for the future of her company that fosters confidence. She is typical of the kind of leader I’ve profiled for “The best companies in the world survive when you have a diverse way of thinking.” She stands alone and unflappable in a male-dominated industry.”I am blind to gender, race or religion, and, if you don’t see limitations, the future is ahead of you.”

Read the full review of Navios Maritime here.